Even though your skin is the most visible organ of your body and it is one of those organs that is the most talked and cared about, most people actually know every little about their skin. To help you understand your skin better, we have compiled a list of some of the facts and information about your skin that you probably don’t know, but should.
1. The skin is the largest and most visible organ in your body. It spans for more than 21 sq. ft., weighs about 9 pounds and it contains approximately 11 miles of blood vessels.
2. The dead skin shed by human beings accounts for billions of tons of dust in the atmosphere. The average human being sheds approximately 50000 skin cells every minute.
3. The ancestors of dark skinned people are much older. White skin only appeared about 20000 – 50000 years ago when the dark skinned humans migrated to colder climates and ended up losing most of their melanin pigments.
4. The skin reflects the overall health of the body. It is quite possible to determine the conditions that the body suffers from by looking at the skin. Things like junk food, smoking, lack of exercise and lack of water can cause tremendous amounts of irreparable damage to the body and the skin.
5. It is always better to have open pores while applying skin care products. Closed pores lead to lesser absorption of the skin care product which automatically makes it less effective. You can easily open your pores by soaking a towel in hot water and resting it on your skin for a few seconds.
6. The skin consists of three different layers. The outermost layer is known as the Epidermis, the middle layer is known as the Dermis and the innermost layer is called the Subcutis. The epidermis acts as the outer barrier of the skin and protects foreign objects and bacteria from invading the skin. The Dermis hosts your blood vessels, the oil glands, the collagen and elastin as well as your hair follicles. The Subcutis is home to fat, collagen cells and sweat glands. It is mainly responsible for regulating your body temperature and protecting the inner organs.
7. Goose bumps are actually small pimples that can help you to keep a warm layer of air over your body.
8. The skin renews itself completely within a period of 28 days. However, as the body begins to grow old, the power to reproduce new skin cells reduces. Therefore, you need to assist your skin to get rid of your dead skin cells by exfoliating.
9. The skin around your eyes is believed to be the thinnest skin on your body, particularly the skin on your eyelids. Generally, the skin measures at 1mm during birth and it grows to almost 2 – 3mm by the time one reaches adulthood.
10. Every inch of the skin has the exact level of strength and stretchiness, depending on the location that it is located in. This means that the skin on your eyelids would be very different from the skin on your belly.
11. Skin cancer is becoming very common among white skinned people due to the lack of melanin, a natural sun protector. In fact, more than 1 million cases of skin cancer are registered in the US alone each year. This also goes to say that 1 out of every 5 Americans suffer from skin cancer at some point of their lives.
12. The skin has its unique bacteria microbiome that consists of more than 1000 species of bacteria and more than 1000000000000 individual bacteria.